Knowledge Exchange
About our partners
How to use the Hub
Access our gateway to information on over 1000 inclusive businesses
Resource Library
The Hub provides a space for practitioners to connect and gain new insights to help their inclusive business ventures grow.

Project profile: 3S SHRAMIK, portable sanitation and waste management in India

3S SHRAMIK, portable sanitation and waste management, India

This inclusive business venture aims to set up portable sanitation facilities and waste management systems in the urban slums of India. Having successfully implemented a pilot programme in Delhi, the company aims to expand its operations into other areas.

Supported by
Business Innovation Facility

Company overview
Video: Portable toilets,a successfull business model
Project results chain
Press: 3S Shramik featured in DNA-E paper
Press: 3S Shramik in the Economic Times
Blog: Experimenting with slum sanitation, Rajeev Kher
Publication: 3S Shramik featured in Insider on creating consumer demand at the BoP
Blog: Pilot models, Rajeev Kher
Download this project
profile as pdf

Visit the India Network for updates on this project



"The scope for positive development impact is significant, given that currently 80% of the population in urban areas does not have access to water/flush facilities connected to the sewage system."

Updates and developments will be added here as this project is implemented.

The inclusive business initiative

Building on their core business of portable sanitation solutions and services for construction sites and public gatherings, 3S® Shramik aims to extend their business operations to reach a large proportion of the population living in urban slums, who do not have access to sanitation facilities. A pilot has been successfully implemented in a slum in Delhi (Anand Vihar) and the company is looking to expand upon this success.

Commercial drivers

The company’s business model for urban slums is based on registered households paying a monthly fee for use plus a pay-per-use model for guest users. The Portable Toilet Cabins (PTCs), ‘Shramik’, are provided by the company, as well as installation and cleaning services. A partner organisation, Mahila Housing Trust (MHT), operates and maintains the toilets, and collects fees from the end users. 3S® Shramik receives a fixed revenue (per toilet per day) from MHT. Any revenue MHT receives above this fixed fee is kept as profit. At present the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation (MSDF) are guarantors of the model, covering the shortfall in the event that MHT’s revenues are not sufficient to cover 3S® Shramik’s fees. However, going forward sustainable business model has been developed, which does not require guarantees. The Delhi pilot shows that revenues from end users would be more than sufficient to cover fees.

Development impacts

3S® Shramik aims to expand the urban slum model across five cities in a phased manner (Pune, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore). The scope for positive development impact is significant, given that currently 80% of the population in urban areas do not have access to water/flush facilities connected to the sewage system.

Objectives of Facility engagement

The Business Innovation Facility aims to support the company in this expansion by reviewing the operating and revenue model of the pilot, and by developing strategies for replicating a sustainable model across multiple locations.

To view other projects in the same country, sector or the same business model focus click the links in the table.
Country India
Sector Water, sanitation & waste management
Partners Michael & Susan Dell Foundation (MSDF); Self-Employed Women’s Association of India (SEWA); Mahila Housing Trust (MHT)
Low income focus Consumers & clients
Revenue model For Saraplast: Fixed revenues (per toilet per day) from the organisation that operates the toilets (at present MHT). For MHT: The end-users pay a monthly or daily fee.
Further information
Project status Complete
Key themes Last mile distribution
3S Shramik contact

Rajeev Kher, Managing Director

© 2016   Created by Inclusive Business Hub team.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

Feedback Form
Feedback Analytics

Are you a member of the Hub?
Join for free today to get email updates on all the latest.

Already a member of the Hub?
Follow us on Twitter.